Mora L, Vilaplana V. Brain Tumor Segmentation using 3D-CNNs with Uncertainty Estimation. In MICCAI 2020 - Brain Lesion Workshop (BrainLes), Multimodal Brain Tumor Segmentation Challenge (BRATS). 2020.


Automation of brain tumors in 3D magnetic resonance images (MRIs) is key to assess the diagnostic and treatment of the disease. In recent years, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have shown improved results in the task. However, high memory consumption is still a problem in 3D-CNNs. Moreover, most methods do not include uncertainty information, which is specially critical in medical diagnosis. This work proposes a 3D encoder-decoder architecture, based on V-Net which is trained with patching techniques to reduce memory consumption and decrease the effect of unbalanced data. We also introduce voxel-wise uncertainty, both epistemic and aleatoric using test-time dropout and data-augmentation respectively. Uncertainty maps can provide extra information to expert neurologists, useful for detecting when the model is not confident on the provided segmentation.