Calderero F, Marqués F. Image Analysis and Understanding Based on Information Theoretical Region Merging Approaches for Segmentation and Cooperative Fusion. In Handbook of Research on Computational Intelligence for Engineering, Science, and Business. IGI Global; 2012. pp. 75-121.


This chapter addresses the automatic creation of simplified versions of the image, known as image segmentation or partition, preserving the most semantically relevant information of the image at different levels of analysis. From a semantic and practical perspective, image segmentation is a first and key step for image analysis and pattern recognition since region-based image representations provide a first level of abstraction and a reduction of the number of primitives, leading to a more robust estimation of parameters and descriptors. The proposed solution is based on an important class of hierarchical bottom-up segmentation approaches, known as region merging techniques. These approaches naturally provide a bottom-up hierarchy, more suitable when no a priori information about the image is available, and an excellent compromise between efficiency of computation and representation. The chapter is organized in two parts dealing with the following objectives: (i) provide an unsupervised solution to the segmentation of generic images; (ii) design a generic and scalable scheme to automatically fuse hierarchical segmentation results that increases the robustness and accuracy of the final solution